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Strollers and co .: These products are the most common injuries for toddlers

Because in many federal states there are so-called school districts, i.e. catchment areas for which a certain elementary school is defined.

When parents want to send the child to another school

“This is also constitutionally permissible,” explains Achelpöhler, referring to a judgment by the Federal Constitutional Court (BVerfG, Az .: 1 BvQ 37/09). The only exceptions are the federal states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein.

If parents want to send their children to another school, they need good reasons. “This is possible, for example, when the child’s welfare requires it, that is, the way to school to another school is safer, for example,” explains Achelpöhler, who is a member of the German Lawyers’ Association (DAV). In this case, parents have to appeal against the decision of the school authority.

It is illegal to re-register to join another catchment area

However, the school authorities do not grant the application in every case. Then parents would have to go to the competent administrative court. “But that should happen quickly before the child starts school,” explains Achelpöhler. Otherwise the child might have to change schools again. It is not legal to re-register in order to appear to live in a different catchment area.

Success in court is not guaranteed. If the capacity of a school is exhausted, parents have little chance of their child changing schools. Not even if the way to school seems dangerous.

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In the opinion of the Berlin Administrative Court, an eight-year-old student can be expected to cross a place with heavy pedestrian traffic on his way to school (Ref .: 3 L 410.11). Even a pond near the school route and two main roads do not change that.

The Tedi retail chain is recalling soap bubbles. Product tests have shown increased bacterial counts in the liquid.

Which bubble fluids are affected by the recall

If they come into contact with the skin or mucous membranes, the soap bubbles can lead to infections, the company said. Affected are the soap bubbles “Penguin and Bear” with the item number 63366001241000000075. They were from 16.02. Sold in stores of the retail chain across Germany until May 23, 2017.

Customers can return the soap bubbles to any Tedi branch. You will be refunded the purchase price. If you have any further questions, Tedi will provide information on +49 231 55577-1010.

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There was a similar recall in 2016

Tedi had already recalled a soap bubble refill liquid (FUN Planet, Bellenblaas) last year, which was also contaminated with harmful germs.

January 23rd is International Handwriting Day. It could become a dying cultural technique: In Finland, schoolchildren no longer have to learn cursive, other countries are discussing its abolition. German students also falter when they write by hand.

The Nuremberg education researcher Stephanie Müller sounds the alarm: “About 70 to 80 percent of primary school students can no longer write properly by hand”. The consequences are serious: “Learning to write is a highly complex process that is important for children’s fine motor skills. Children who write little by hand have fewer motor skills”. The handwriting is therefore more than just lines and strokes on a piece of paper.

What do you learn better with – pen, keyboard or tablet?

The psychology professor Daniel Oppenheimer from the UCLA Anderson School of Management in Los Angeles carried out an experiment with his students: Half of them had to write down their lectures by hand, the other half typed what they heard into the computer. The note-taking did much better. Because they couldn’t jot down every word, they had more subject matter stored in their brains overall.

Scientists at the Transfer Center for Neurosciences and Learning (ZNL) in Ulm have been investigating 150 children for more than a year as to which medium is most likely to anchor learning effects in the brain: pen, keyboard or digital tablet pen. This study is financially supported by the pen manufacturer Staedtler. The results are expected to be published in 2018.

Schools in Finland have done away with cursive script

In Finland, schools are using tablets and PCs: Finnish students no longer have to learn cursive since last autumn. There are similar considerations or tests in the USA and in Switzerland, where the “Schnürli script” is up for debate.

In Germany, the government plans to spend five billion euros on digitizing schools from this year on. “Multiplication tables and ABC only with a PC”, says the website of the Federal Ministry of Education.

Children must be able to grasp learning material

Education expert Stephanie Müller warns against the frequent use of learning software on tablets: “Everything is only two-dimensional!” According to Müller, children want to feel and feel things. “No matter what is displayed on the tablet, in the end the children just touch a pane of glass”. The sense of touch suffers as a result. “In my opinion, that is one reason why more and more children can no longer use the pen,” says Müller.

That’s what “Handwriting Day” is all about

“Handwriting Day” has its origins in the USA. It was initiated in 1977 by the Writing Instrument Association. The date January 23rd is historically significant for the USA: It was the birthday of the American John Hancock, who on July 4th 1776 was the first to sign the American Declaration of Independence.

Comment: Why all students should learn cursive handwriting worse and worse: Some pupils can barely hold a pen for 30 minutes. Goodbye cursive: Finland as a role model? Primary school students should type instead of writing Cursive or block letters ?: At German primary schools, chaos is the pen

You can also find us on Facebook – become a fan of our “parenting world” now and join the discussion!

Gender stereotypes are apparently still widespread in Australia in 2017: Girls were recently sent to a school to put on make-up and boys to the hardware store. A father responded with a humorous letter.

It doesn’t sound like it happened in the 21st century: At a school in Australia, children are said to have been strictly divided into school activities according to gender. The girls should go to the library and do their hair and make-up. The boys, however, were sent to the hardware store. Stephen Callaghan, the father of a sixth grade student at the school, describes it in a letter to the headmaster.

School activities for girls only and boys only?

In this he wonders about the incident: “When Ruby [his daughter] went to school yesterday, it was 2017. She came back from 1968 in the afternoon.” He describes the incident at the school and asks the headmaster to see if there is a time machine hidden somewhere in the school building. He would be happy if his daughter and the other girls were brought back to this millennium – a millennium “in which school activities are not strictly divided into sexes.”

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Stephen Callaghan published his letter on the short message service Twitter. It was retweeted over 3000 times and received almost 9000 likes.

The Federal Constitutional Court has overturned the numerus clausus in medicine. The previous admission regulations are in part not in conformity with the constitution.

The Federal Constitutional Court in Karlsruhe decided that the disputed federal and state regulations violate the fundamental rights of applicants for a study place to equal participation in state courses. Basically, the award according to the best Abitur grades, after waiting time and after a selection by the universities is to be agreed with the Basic Law. The Federal Constitutional Court gives the legislature until the end of 2019 to remedy the deficiencies. (Ref. 1 BvL 3/14 and 4/14)

The First Senate, chaired by Ferdinand Kirchhof, decided that the number of waiting semesters, which is currently around 15, must be limited. Also, setting a maximum of six desired study locations should not lead to an applicant who would actually be successful ending up empty-handed. In the selection process at the universities, a comparability of the Abitur grades across national borders must be ensured. The Abitur grade should not be the only criterion here either.

“The federal legal framework and legal regulations of the federal states about the allocation of university places for the subject of human medicine violate the fundamental right of applicants to participate equally in the state courses”, it says in the judgment.

Doctors are demanding more study places

Medical organizations and politicians have praised the objection to the allocation of university places in medicine. The Karlsruhe judgment was “the right signal at the right time,” said the President of the German Medical Association, Frank Ulrich Montgomery. The overdue reform of medical studies must now be speeded up. “The federal and state governments should use the judgment as an opportunity to make admission to study more equitable and better align it with the needs of a changing society.”

Other medical organizations also welcomed the verdict and at the same time demanded a larger number of study places. Many suitable applicants would be prevented from taking up their desired degree because the number of medical study places remained at the level of 1990, complained the chairman of the Marburger Bund, Rudolf Henke.

The first reactions from the Bundestag were also positive. Petra Sitte von der Linken said on Twitter that her group had always criticized admission restrictions and selection interviews – “especially her excluding criteria and procedures”. The Green MP Konstantin von Notz complained: “Regulating access to university places using a grade point average is arbitrary and cynical.” SPD parliamentary group vice-president Hubertus Heil called for a nationwide uniform admission procedure: “The Abitur grade remains an important indicator, but in the future individual talent and a suitable educational background must become more important.”

Complicated selection process

There are several applicants for every medical degree in Germany. 20 percent of the distribution is based on the best school grades, 20 percent on waiting time and 60 percent on a selection process directly at the universities. But the Abitur grade also plays an important role here. Some of the study places are allocated in advance according to special criteria – such as cases of hardship or the public service’s need for doctors.

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The Administrative Court of Gelsenkirchen had presented two cases in Karlsruhe from applicants from Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg who had not been able to study human medicine.

Dogs in the classroom? Visiting animals is almost part of everyday life in a school in Tübingen. Student favorite Naya attends the 6c twice a week and thus ensures calmness and concentration. According to experts, more and more school dogs will be used in the future. So far there are no rules for this.

The 6c students at the West Community School in Tübingen are working extremely calmly this morning. If you want to know something from teacher Bettina Rebstock, she waves and whispers. One reason for the unusual calm is the school dog Naya. Because dogs hear much better than humans, the class shouldn’t be too loud, as student Albina explains. The black mixed breed bitch belongs to the class two days a week. For many students the most beautiful days of the school week.

Positive effect on the social behavior of the students

Rebstock took the bitch from an animal shelter in Spain around five years ago and took her to school from the start to get her used to the children. She is convinced that school dogs have a positive effect on the social behavior of students. According to their experience, the children learn, for example, to set boundaries for an animal and also to adhere to the rules that apply in the school dog project.

The command “Off!” understands Naya and trolls away. If a student is particularly excited, the bitch is also used. “I then tell the student: Sit down in front of Naya, take some time out, caress her,” says Rebstock. That calm down.

The number of school dogs in Germany is increasing, as the chairwoman of the International Society for Animal-Assisted Therapy, psychologist Andrea Beetz, says. One of the positive effects is that the presence of dogs allows students to relax. However, she also criticizes the fact that unsuitable dogs are often in schools with teachers who are not specially qualified and calls for standards.

So far there are no uniform rules for school dog projects. They only have to be approved by the headmaster, who has house rights in the school, as reported by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Education and Culture. How many school dogs there are is not recorded in the ministry.

Teacher must be educationally versed

“Issues that can be solved in schools should also be solved in schools,” says the spokesman for the education and science union, Matthias Schneider. The school administrations were working at the limit anyway. 

For the headmistress of the West Community School in Tübingen, Angela Keppel-Allgaier, the approval of school dog projects depends on her trust in the teacher with a dog – and not on special training.

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